The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been jointly awarded to Drs. Youyou Tu, William C. Campbell, and Satoshi Ōmura for their discoveries of the natural products artemisinin and avermectin. Dr. Tu received the award for her work on artemisinin, an anti-malarial agent from Artemisia annua, a plant that has been used in reducing fevers for centuries and is well documented in traditional Chinese medicine. Drs. Campbell and Ōmura discovered the antibiotic avermectin when they screened streptomycetes, microorganisms commonly found in soil, for natural products with anti-infectious activity. Both natural products have had a profound effect on the treatment of parasitic diseases.
“The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine—Press Release.” Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Accessed October 5, 2015 at: www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2015/press.html.
The Scientific Literature
- Systematic Reviews/Reviews/Meta-analyses (PubMed®)